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1 samuel 13 commentary

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1 samuel 13 commentary

And they came up and encamped in Michmash, to the east of Beth Aven. These have been supplied by the translators. (10-12) Samuel arrives and Saul tries to explain what he did. You have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you. Saul offered sacrifice without Samuel, and did it himself, though he was neither priest nor prophet. Saul was in an awkward position. Because the actual judgment for this sin was so far off we should regard Samuel’s pronouncement of judgment as an invitation to repentance. Second, Saul was a king, not a priest, and only priests were to offer sacrifices. It may be that Saul wanted to keep re-living the glorious day when Samuel recognized and confirmed him as king before the entire nation. i. Saul was a man after Israel’s heart. Bible Commentary 1 Samuel 13. As long as we are weak and subjected to our spiritual enemies, they don’t mind us at all. You can check these in your browser security settings. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. : They still honored Saul as king, but they were really frightened. He should have been more concerned with pleasing God instead of the people. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this one volume concise commentary provides a condensed look at nearly every verse in the Bible : The whole point in being a king was to establish a dynasty, where one’s sons sat on the throne afterwards. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger (for the people were distressed), then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. We can discover this by looking at the man who was nota man after His own heart (Saul) and comparing him to the man who wasa man after His own heart (David). 1 Samuel Chapter 13 Summary. Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which, on the seashore in multitude. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is written by one of the most influential men of the modern Christianity movement. “To disobey God in the smallest matter is sin enough: there can be no sin little, because there is no little God to sin against.” (Trapp), ii. All Samuel wanted to hear was confession and repentance. A king would solve our problems.” Now they have a king and the problems are still there. You have not kept the commandment of Yahweh your God, which he The Philistine threat. First, Saul plainly disobeyed Samuel. Samuel put it plainly: you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God. But Samuel did not look for reasons or excuses because there were no valid reasons or excuses. Saul could have made supplication to the LORD in any number of ways. Saul arranged with the prophet Samuel to perform sacrifices in an appeal to God to intervene before Israel went into battle with the invading Philistines. 1 SAMUEL 13. i. The loss of so many men was probably the reason why Saul offered the sacrifice without Samuel, and it displayed a heart of distrust and disobedience to God. God allowed this to test Saul’s faith, to see if he believed God was great enough to deliver from so many with so few. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, for this kind of man and God found this man in an unlikely place. Israel had enjoyed the “peace” of subjected people: everything will be fine as long as you take your place of subjugation. When David was down and out he still loved and served those who were even more down and out (1 Samuel 22:1-2). There was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel. ii. 2 Saul chose three thousand men from Israel; two thousand were with him at Mikmash and in the hill country of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan at Gibeah in Benjamin. And Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines that, . Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. 1. We often try to blame our sin on someone else. Therefore I felt compelled: “I had to. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him. If he trusted God and waited one more hour, how different things could have been! He was all about image, prestige, and the things men look at. Even if Samuel was totally in the wrong, it didn’t justify Saul’s sin. b. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, 13:1-7 Saul reigned one year, and nothing particular happened; but in his second year the events recorded in this chapter took place. (1) Because of Saul’s disobedience the kingdom had been torn from him, and it was Samuel’s duty to inform Saul of this (15:22-23, 26, and 28). Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines, and that Israel had also become an abomination to the Philistines. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this nine-volume commentary, respected by legions of devoted students, still ring with timeless truth They have more men, more chariots, more horses, and better swords and spears than we have. The rest of the men he sent back to their homes. Through this attack Jonathan proclaimed, “We won’t meekly surrender to the Philistines any longer.”, Israel had become an abomination to the Philistines, .” As long as the Israelites stayed in their weak, defeated place, the Philistines thought they were great guys. He will be a prominent and wonderful part of 1 Samuel. God commanded him to do something, and he did the opposite. This was a bad sign in the heart and character of Saul. David also sinned yet God never took the kingdom from David and his descendants. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. 1 Samuel 13:1 (NIV) Saul was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned over Israel forty- two years. 12 And Samuel rose early to meet Saul in the morning. But they were found with Saul and Jonathan his son. But Saul would actually reign another 20 years. He knew the Philistines were assembling a huge army against him, and that once they were organized they would be much harder to beat. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him, commander over His people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you.”, : This is a stronger phrase than we might think. Samuel had not come to offer the sacrifice in preparation for battle, and Saul dared not go into battle without it—yet the opportunity for attack was passing quickly and the army was beginning to desert. But as soon as we show some boldness and courage against the LORD’s enemies, our spiritual foes consider us an abomination. Soon Samuel will come and lead us in sacrifice before God. First the waiting for Samuel was stressful because he felt time was his enemy. But God will now give Israel a man. When David was confronted with his sin he confessed his sin and repented (2 Samuel 12:13). 2. 1 samuel 13 commentary 1. As soon as the Israelites showed boldness and courage against the LORD’s enemies, the Philistines considered the Israelites an abomination. b. It is the common formula for denoting the age of a king at his accession, and the length of his reign. a. Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines: Jonathan was a remarkable military leader. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. Since they were a seafaring people, the Philistines traded with the technologically sophisticated cultures to the west, especially the Greeks. Miserable is a guilty, defenceless nation; much more those who are destitute of the whole armour of God. All the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man’s plowshare. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, Saul chose for himself three thousand men of Israel. Then Samuel would preside over sacrifices and Israel would be spiritually ready for battle. A man after God’s heart honors the LORD. And Samuel said, “What have you done?” And Saul said, “When I saw that the people were scattered from me, and that you did not come within the days appointed, and that the Philistines gathered together at Michmash, then I said, ‘The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the LORD.’ Therefore I felt compelled, and offered a burnt offering.”. ii. Click on the different category headings to find out more. Now he is down to 600 because many soldiers scattered while Saul waited for Samuel (1 Samuel 13:8). is a massive number, and some doubt the accuracy of this number. The invasion of the Philistines. You did not come within the days appointed: “You see Samuel, it was really your fault. So it came about, on the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people who. This was a low point for Israel. How impolitic Saul was, who did not, in the beginning of his reign, set himself to redress this. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 16:1-13 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Samuel made his farewell address (chapter 12) after renewing Saul's kingship (11:14-15). First, this was because these farm tools were the only weapons the Israelites had, so why make them so sharp? Line upon line, Saul made his sin worse with excuses. “This is the first place in which this brave and excellent man appears; a man who bears one of the most amiable characters in the Bible.” (Clarke). Perhaps many Israelites admired Saul for offering the sacrifice. Though he was a king, he would not establish the monarchy in Israel. You have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you. 1. And they came up and encamped in Michmash, to the east of Beth Aven. Our disposition to obey or disobey God, will often be proved by our behaviour in things which appear small. We may imagine that in the early part of the week, Saul explained his thinking in a pep talk to the troops: “Men, we’re going into battle against the Philistines. : Saul’s position as king was confirmed at Gilgal (1 Samuel 11:15). : Samuel told Saul to wait for him at Gilgal. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. “For decades archaeologists working at many different sites have unearthed iron artifacts in bewildering number and variety dating from the period of greatest Philistine power and leading to the general consensus that the metal was introduced into Canaan – at least for weapons, agricultural tools, and jewelry – by the Philistines.” (Youngblood). Two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in the mountains of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin. (1-7) Saul sacrifices, He is reproved by Samuel. b. Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him: Now Saul really overstepped his bounds. But now your kingdom shall not continue. Saul reigned one year—(see Margin). a. “And hereby God intended to teach them the vanity of all carnal confidence in men; and that they did not one jot less need the help and favour of God now than they did before, when they had no king.” (Poole). And the people were called together to Saul at Gilgal. But now your kingdom shall not continue. 1 Samuel 13:1 (NKJV) Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel. i. In great fear (, in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. So Saul said, “Bring a burnt offering and peace offerings here to me.” And he offered the burnt offering. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. followers than no followers at all, but how much better if Israel would have really trusted the LORD here. Samuel charges Saul with being an enemy to himself. c. Then raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines: With so many troops the Philistines could raid at will. He would have this act of disobedience pass for an instance of his prudence, and as a proof of his piety. “This number seems incredible to infidels; to whom it may be sufficient to reply, that it is far more rational to acknowledged a mistake in him that copied out the sacred text in such numeral or historical passages, wherein the doctrine of faith and good life in not directly concerned, than upon such a pretense to question the truth and divinity of the Holy Scriptures, which are so fully attested, and evidently demonstrated. Since they were a seafaring people, the Philistines traded with the technologically sophisticated cultures to the west, especially the Greeks. Then he waited seven days, according to the time set by Samuel. They may even kind of like us. : From these words we might expect Saul to be “impeached” as king right then and there. For above a year he gave the Philistine time to prepare for war, and to weaken and to disarm the Israelites. Two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in the mountains of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people present with him, about six hundred men. But our spiritual enemies have the same attitude as the Philistines. i. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger: Jonathan was bold enough to launch the initial attack against the Philistines, but the men of Israel were not bold enough to now stand strong against their enemy. And Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. 1-samuel 13:3 And Jonathan smote the garrison of the … We can discover this by looking at the man who was. . Now Saul really saw himself as a priest, first offering sacrifice and then giving a blessing. Then Samuel would preside over sacrifices and Israel would be spiritually ready for battle. The loss of so many men was probably the reason why Saul offered the sacrifice without Samuel, and it displayed a heart of distrust and disobedience to God. Samuel put it plainly: you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God. Now he is down to 600 because many soldiers scattered while Saul waited for Samuel (1 Samuel 13:8). Add to my study list. See how politic the Philistines were when they had power; they not only prevented the people of Israel from making weapons of war, but obliged them to depend upon their enemies, even for instruments of husbandry. I couldn’t wait any longer.” Even though Saul felt compelled, he was not supposed to be ruled by his feelings. All sin is a disregard of God, but David sinned more out of weakness and Saul more out of a disregard for God. If he trusted God and waited one more hour, how different things could have been! Secondly, if you make it really sharp, it will be longer before they come back with another, There was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people… they were found with Saul and Jonathan. A thousand were with Jonathan: This is the first mention of Saul’s son Jonathan. Chapter 13. When David was confronted with his sin he confessed his sin and repented (2 Samuel 12:13). Yet this attack merely wakened the Philistines. What can it avail to sacrifice to God, against God?” (Trapp), Now it happened, as soon as he had finished presenting the burnt offering, that Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him. . But Saul would actually reign another 20 years. And Samuel said to Saul, “You have done foolishly. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. (15-23). b. But Samuel did not look for reasons or excuses because there were no valid reasons or excuses. a. Thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude: The Philistines, angered by the Israelites, gathered a huge army to crush Israel. : Despite all the excuses, all the reasons, all the blaming of someone else, the bottom line was still the bottom line. Even when David didn’t do God’s will, he still knew God’s will was more important. He could probably smell the sacrifice in the air. i. Even if Samuel was totally in the wrong, it didn’t justify Saul’s sin. : Archaeologists have found this Philistine fortress at. Because God loved Israel He would raise up a king, i. Saul was a man after Israel’s heart. When David was down and out he still loved and served those who were even more down and out (1 Samuel 22:1-2). : Saul decided to perform the sacrifice not more than an hour before Samuel arrived. First, this was because these farm tools were the only weapons the Israelites had, so why make them so sharp? “Though God threaten Saul with the loss of his kingdom for this sin, yet it is not improbable that there was a tacit condition implied, as is usual in such cases.” (Poole). Read 1 Samuel 13 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). The only way the Israelites could ever win was to trust in God for everything. 1 Samuel 13:3 - Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. 13). Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, Saul chose for himself three thousand men of Israel. We may request cookies to be set on your device. You can also change some of your preferences. He could have cried out the LORD for the whole nation with a humble heart, but instead he did the one thing he must not do: offer a sacrifice. But Saul made an unlawful sacrifice, and Samuel told him, "You have done foolishly. v. The whole manner of Saul’s explanation makes it clear this was no misunderstanding. The archaeological evidence shows that it was destroyed but later rebuilt by Saul and became his palace and fortress. First, Saul plainly disobeyed Samuel. Then Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. When Saul was confronted with his sin he offered excuses. 1 Samuel 13:6-14. iv. Saul broke the order expressly given by Samuel, see 1 Samuel 10:8, as to what should be done in cases of extremity. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this volume commentary on the Bible is highly regarded for his very prudent and judicious expositions He needed to drink in praise like thirsty men drink water. Saul became increasingly bitter against people and lived more and more unto himself, but David loved people. oud toen hij … And Saul numbered the people present with him, about six hundred men. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. i. Their division into two books each, as we now have them, originates with the so-called Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek, said to have been made in the third century B.C. : The Philistines, angered by the Israelites, gathered a huge army to crush Israel. SAUL'S DYNASTY FORFEITED BY HIS SIN. The archaeological evidence shows that it was destroyed but later rebuilt by Saul and became his palace and fortress. Even in difficult situations, they could worship the LORD. a) He had grieved over His rejection of Saul far too long. A man after God’s heart loves other people. In wanting to bless Samuel, Saul may also be trying to show Samuel how spiritual he is. Word Biblical Commentary on 1 Samuel; ... (chap. He was still there many months later (1 Samuel 13:1). Now there was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, “Lest the Hebrews make swords or spears.” But all the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man’s plowshare, his mattock, his ax, and his sickle; and the charge for a sharpening was a pim for the plowshares, the mattocks, the forks, and the axes, and to set the points of the goads. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. Then raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies. For now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. According to the time set by Samuel: Samuel told Saul to wait for him at Gilgal. 1 Samuel 13:1 "Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel," Saul reigned one year, and nothing particular happened; but in his second year the events recorded in this chapter took place. He was all about image, prestige, and the things men look at. And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the pass of Michmash. still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. b. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. 1 Samuel 13-15 New International Version (NIV) Samuel Rebukes Saul. Secondly, if you make it really sharp, it will be longer before they come back with another pim to get their ax sharpened. The Bible speaks of the. They were a fearless and fearsome army against Saul and Israel. If David had some of our sins then we can have his heart. ; and so indeed those two ancient translators, the Syriac and Arabic, translate it, and are supposed to have read in their Hebrew copies, When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger, : Jonathan was bold enough to launch the initial attack against the Philistines, but the men of Israel were not bold enough to now stand strong against their enemy. But they were found with Saul and Jonathan his son. We can love and pursue God with the kind of focus and passion David had. O vain man! Matthew Henry :: Commentary on 1 Samuel 13 ← Back to Matthew Henry's Bio & Resources. 3. It clearly says, “Israel had become an abomination to the Philistines.” As long as the Israelites stayed in their weak, defeated place, the Philistines thought they were great guys. In great fear (the people were distressed) they hid anywhere they could (in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits) or they fled across the Jordan River (to the land of Gad and Gilead). If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. on StudyLight.org c. There was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people… they were found with Saul and Jonathan: There were so few iron weapons available that only the royal family could be properly equipped. A man after God’s heart enthrones God as king. b. b. Saul offered sacrifice without Samuel, and did it himself, though he was neither priest nor prophet. We don’t war against armies of Philistines; our enemies are principalities… powers… the rulers of the darkness of this age… spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places (Ephesians 6:12). Adultery and murder were David's sins, the like sins among his children were the beginnings of his punishment: he was too indulgent to his children. The Lord would have established thy kingdom for ever — The phrase, for ever, in Scripture, often signifies only a long time. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. Saul probably felt that a quick response gave them the best chance to win the battle. Sins which appear to us very little, have dangerous consequences. Through this attack Jonathan proclaimed, “We won’t meekly surrender to the Philistines any longer.”. 1 Samuel 13:13. The rest of the people he sent away, every man to his tent. One company turned to the road to Ophrah, to the land of Shual, another company turned to the road to Beth Horon, and another company turned to the road of the border that overlooks the Valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness. All Rights Reserved. I couldn’t wait any longer.” Even though Saul. “My, there’s a man of action! i. We might imagine that the Philistine blacksmiths, even though they charged each Israelite, for sharpening, would never put too fine an edge on anything. He didn’t have to sin though he felt like sinning. 1 Samuel 13:1-7. Saul became increasingly bitter against people and lived more and more unto himself, but David loved people. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. Second. David thought that God was the goal. : Saul was in Gilgal for many months. The troops were losing confidence in Saul as a leader and beginning to scatter. Study the bible online using commentary on 1 Samuel 13 and more! : This is the first mention of Saul’s son Jonathan. iii. He needed to drink in praise like thirsty men drink water. i. Thirty thousand chariots is a massive number, and some doubt the accuracy of this number. : “I had to do something to impress the people and gain back their support.” But if Saul had obeyed and trusted God, God would have seen him to victory over the Philistines with or without the people. He will be a prominent and wonderful part of 1 Samuel. “My, there’s a man of action! was king. Now there was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, “Lest the Hebrews make swords or spears.” But all the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man’s plowshare, his mattock, his ax, and his sickle; and the charge for a sharpening was a pim for the plowshares, the mattocks, the forks, and the axes, and to set the points of the goads. Saul thought it was important because it might help him win the battle. Men see nothing but Saul's outward act, which seems small; but God saw that he did this with unbelief and distrust of his providence, with contempt of his authority and justice, and with rebellion against the light of his own conscience. Those that disobey the commandments of God, do foolishly for themselves. For now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. d. But now your kingdom shall not continue: From these words we might expect Saul to be “impeached” as king right then and there. 1. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary provides a free-flowing commentary on the entire text of … 1 Samuel 13 Commentary. Saul was more concerned with his will than God’s will. ” And Samuel was angry, and he cried to the L ord all night. Israel had enjoyed the “peace” of subjected people: everything will be fine as long as you take your place of subjugation. i. God is still looking for men and women after His own heart. Sin is folly, and the greatest sinners are the greatest fools. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be commander over His people. 1 Samuel 13:1. Sidlow Baxter - In the Hebrew manuscripts, 1 and 2 Samuel form but one book, as also do 1 and 2 Kings and 1 and 2 Chronicles. With a UCG.org account you will be able to save items to read and study later! Men destitute of inward piety, often lay great stress on the outward performances of religion. He gets things done. : The Philistines had superior military technology and they wanted to keep it that way. : Saul’s response is a classic example of excuse making and failure to trust God. As soon as the Israelites showed boldness and courage against the LORD’s enemies, the Philistines considered the Israelites, ii. Then raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies. Both David and Saul knew sacrifice before battle was important. He waited seven days: Saul was in Gilgal for many months. Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible has served as an invaluable guide to the Bible for pastors and students the world over. Yet this attack merely wakened the Philistines. When Saul was confronted with his sin he offered excuses. And, the Hebrews crossed over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. Now it happened, as soon as he had finished presenting the burnt offering, that Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him. : Samuel left probably knowing that the announcement of judgment was an invitation to repentance, and probably knowing that Saul would not repent. Both David and Saul knew sacrifice before battle was important. Saul probably felt that a quick response gave them the best chance to win the battle. A man after God’s heart has a soft, repentant heart. Now for the first time Israel had a professional army. i. : There were so few iron weapons available that only the royal family could be properly equipped. The days dragged on and Samuel didn’t come. , he was not supposed to be ruled by his feelings. MT: ‘een jaar’. (1-2) Saul assembles Israel’s first standing army. In the press of the current crisis, every day now seemed much more important. David knew God’s will was most important. Then raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines. (8-14) The policy of the Philistines. And this declaration would have been abundantly verified, if the kingdom had been enjoyed by Saul, and by his son, and by his son’s son; after whom the kingdom might have come to Judah. This chapter is the subject of an incredible number of contradictory opinions that it has evoked from the scholars, translators and commentators who have written about it. His own sense of insecurity will not allow any of his associates (even his own son) to receive credit. He could have cried out the LORD for the whole nation with a humble heart, but instead he did the, : “I had to. I never understood why the priests were so special anyway.” Saul could have positive response in the polling data but if God were not with him, it would all crumble. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. He could probably smell the sacrifice in the air. Now that he was king, the men of Israel expected greater things from him. When men are lifted up in self-sufficiency, they are often led into folly. 1. And the mistake is not great in the Hebrew, schalosh for shelishim; and so indeed those two ancient translators, the Syriac and Arabic, translate it, and are supposed to have read in their Hebrew copies, three thousand.” (Poole). Commentary on 2 Samuel 13:1-20 (Read 2 Samuel 13:1-20) From henceforward David was followed with one trouble after another. 1 Samuel 13 Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary. 1 Samuel 13:1 Hebrew Saul was one year old when he became king, and he reigned two years over Israel; some Greek manuscripts give Saul's age when he began to reign as thirty years; 1 Samuel 13:14 Or leader; 1 Samuel 13:15 Septuagint; Hebrew lacks The rest of the people… from Gilgal; 1 Samuel 13:20 Septuagint; Hebrew plowshare; 1 Samuel 13:21 Hebrew was a pim 1 SAMUEL 13 COMMENTARY EDITED BY GLENN PEASE Samuel Rebukes Saul 13 Saul was thirty[a] years old when he became king, and he reigned over Israel forty-[b] two years. If peace with the devil is more important to you than victory in the LORD, you will often be defeated and subjected. g. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart: God was looking for this kind of man and God found this man in an unlikely place. Because God loved Israel He would raise up a king, a man after His own heart. If you came earlier, I wouldn’t have done this.” But if Saul obeyed and trusted God, God would take care of Samuel and the timing. i. Saul could have, in any number of ways. He knew the Philistines were assembling a huge army against him, and that once they were organized they would be much harder to beat. Then we’ll go out and whip the Philistines!” But it didn’t happen like that. God told Saul that his descendants would not reign after him. c. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him: This added to Saul’s anxiety. Previously Israel only had a militia that assembled in times of national threat. They were a fearless and fearsome army against Saul and Israel. There was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel: The Philistines had superior military technology and they wanted to keep it that way. The same principle is true spiritually in our lives. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel] The Hebrew cannot be thus translated. Saul's Selected Band. Thou only, O Lord, canst make, or hast made, our peace in the blood of the cross. For Saul, Saul was king. and raise that man up to be the next king. Saul had no business doing what only a priest should do. the road of the border that overlooks the Valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness. feeling that the battle wouldn’t be fought and that the plan wasn’t working out. You have done foolishly: This is a stronger phrase than we might think. Chapter 13 of first Samuel begins with Saul’s first couple years as ruler of Israel. Saul thought God would help him achieve his goals. And some of the Hebrews crossed over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. Literally, the Hebrew says that Saul wanted to bless Samuel – perhaps as a priest blesses the people. : By carefully guarding their military technology, the Philistines kept the Israelites in a subservient place. (1-2) Saul assembles Israel’s first standing army. When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger (for the people were distressed), then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. And Samuel said to Saul, “You have done foolishly. The rest of Israel fought with whatever they could. Even when David didn’t do God’s will, he still knew God’s will was more important. Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude. For now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. He was still there many months later (1 Samuel 13:1). ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. I Samuel 13:1-15 recounts the story of an act of presumption by another well-known figure, containing another valuable lesson for us. i. I saw that the people were scattered from me: “I had to do something to impress the people and gain back their support.” But if Saul had obeyed and trusted God, God would have seen him to victory over the Philistines with or without the people. 1Sa 13:1, 2. “If Saul was among the prophets before, will he now be among the priests? c. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal: Saul’s position as king was confirmed at Gilgal (1 Samuel 11:15). It must be better to have. d. And Saul said: Saul’s response is a classic example of excuse making and failure to trust God. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. But David thought it was important because it pleased and honored God. c. For now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever: The whole point in being a king was to establish a dynasty, where one’s sons sat on the throne afterwards. The same principle is true spiritually in our lives. d. And he offered the burnt offering: This was plainly sinful. Footnotes. : This was the first “regular” army for Israel. Saul verspeelt de gunst van Samuel Saul was dertig jaar (13:1) dertig jaar – Volgens sommige handschriften van de Septuaginta. . They imported weapons and know-how from those distant lands. All Israel heard it said that Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines, : Saul plainly took credit for Jonathan’s bold attack on the. In the press of the current crisis, every day now seemed much more important. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . We often try to blame our sin on someone else. When charged with disobedience, he justified himself in what he had done, and gave no sign of repentance for it. God commanded him to do something, and he did the opposite. : This was plainly sinful. The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the LORD, : “We really needed God’s help against the Philistines, and we needed it now, so I had to do it.” But if Saul would have obeyed and trusted God, the LORD would take care of the Philistines. A man after God’s heart enthrones God as king. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. 1. The chief advantages of the enemies of the church are derived from the misconduct of its professed friends. Thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be commander over His people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you.”. A man after God’s heart loves other people. And the mistake is not great in the Hebrew. Commentary on 1 Samuel 13:8-14 (Read 1 Samuel 13:8-14) Saul broke the order expressly given by Samuel, see 1 Samuel 10:8, as to what should be done in cases of extremity. According to 1 Samuel 13:5 the Philistines already had a huge army, easily outmatching Saul’s 3,000 men. : Samuel knew Saul did something wrong. b. He gets things done. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, CHAPTER 13. History shows how dangerous it is to combine religious and civic authority and God would not allow the kings of Israel to be priests and the priests to be kings. But God will now give Israel a man after His own heart and raise that man up to be the next king. It was bad enough to be outnumbered so badly. He is like a child who gets caught with his hand in the cookie jar and then says to his mother, “Let’s pray!”. ii. ii. 2. They may even kind of like us. I never understood why the priests were so special anyway.” Saul could have positive response in the polling data but if God were not with him, it would all crumble. The Hebrew text does not include the number "thirty" or "forty." They imported weapons and know-how from those distant lands. Want of true sense always accompanies want of grace. : Though God rejected Saul He did not reject Israel. God told Saul that his descendants would not reign after him. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him. Many times, when God announces judgment, He will relent if His people repent. The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the LORD: “We really needed God’s help against the Philistines, and we needed it now, so I had to do it.” But if Saul would have obeyed and trusted God, the LORD would take care of the Philistines. i. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. He didn’t have to sin though he felt like sinning. : With so many troops the Philistines could raid at will. (3-4) Jonathan initiates conflict with the Philistines. c. Samuel said, “What have you done”: Samuel knew Saul did something wrong. He repeatedly demonstrated the ability to lead a successful attack. If peace with the devil is more important to you than victory in the LORD, you will often be defeated and subjected. Perhaps many Israelites admired Saul for offering the sacrifice. He is like a child who gets caught with his hand in the cookie jar and then says to his mother, “Let’s pray!”. (15-18) The Philistines begin their raids. a. Saul chose for himself three thousand men of Israel: This was the first “regular” army for Israel. a. As for Saul, he. For above a year he gave the Philistine time to prepare … You did not come within the days appointed. Then Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. Though he was a king, he would not establish the monarchy in Israel. Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines, : Jonathan was a remarkable military leader. He didn’t say to Samuel, “Did I do something wrong?” He knew exactly what he did and probably thought of the excuses ahead of time. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. Those that desired a king like all the nations fancied that, when they had one, they should look very great and considerable; but in this chapter we find it proved much otherwise. David knew God’s will was most important. i. iii. Login or Create an Account. He will still be on the throne as a king, but it will never be the same because the end of his kingdom is certain. . This was no small sin. 13 Saul was thirty [] years old when he became king, and he reigned over Israel forty-[] two years. It just seemed like the right thing to do. Saul saw his already mismatched force shrink to one-fifth of its previous size (from 3,000 to 600). Probably many of them thought, “What we really need is a king. Saul, Jonathan his son, and the people present with them remained in Gibeah of Benjamin. He repeatedly demonstrated the ability to lead a successful attack. Saul felt he was in a lot of trouble. Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him, : Now Saul really overstepped his bounds. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. And it was told Samuel, “Saul came to p Carmel, and behold, he set up a monument for himself and turned and passed on and went down to Gilgal.” 13 And Samuel came to Saul, and Saul said to him, q “Blessed be you to the L ord. Then Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, “Let the Hebrews hear!” Now all Israel heard it said that Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines, and that Israel had also become an abomination to the Philistines. i. (5-7) The Philistines prepare their army. The LORD'S rebuke of Samuel (v.1). This was a bad sign in the heart and character of Saul. 1 Samuel 13 Matthew Henry's Commentary. Now for the first time Israel had a professional army. 1 Samuel 13:13 - Samuel said to Saul, 'You have acted foolishly; you have not kept the commandment of the Lord your God, which He commanded you, for now the Lord would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, Saul chose for himself three thousand. In Geba: Archaeologists have found this Philistine fortress at Geba (also known as Gibeah). You have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. a. Blessed Saviour, may we never, like Saul, bring our poor offerings, or fancied peace-offerings, without looking to thy precious, thy all-sufficient sacrifice! The rest of the people he sent away, every man to his tent. d. The people followed him trembling: They still honored Saul as king, but they were really frightened. One company turned to the road to Ophrah, to the land of Shual, another company turned to the road. As soon as he finished offering the burnt offering: Saul decided to perform the sacrifice not more than an hour before Samuel arrived. as someone morally and spiritually lacking. The Bible speaks of the fool as someone morally and spiritually lacking. Posted on Oct 26, 2002 by Beyond Today Editor Estimated reading time: 1 minute. But the Philistines encamped in Michmash. a. . A man after God’s heart has a soft, repentant heart. When Saul at length sounded an alarm, the people, dissatisfied with his management, or terrified by the power of the enemy, did not come to him, or speedily deserted him. Line upon line, Saul made his sin worse with excuses. Then Samuel arose: Samuel left probably knowing that the announcement of judgment was an invitation to repentance, and probably knowing that Saul would not repent. In fact at this time, he wasn’t a man at all! His own sense of insecurity will not allow any of his associates (even his own son) to receive credit. For David, the LORD God was king. iv. It just seemed like the right thing to do. Saul reigned one year, and nothing particular happened; but in his second year the events recorded in this chapter took place. : This added to Saul’s anxiety. Second, the people were scattered from him feeling that the battle wouldn’t be fought and that the plan wasn’t working out. Then Saul blew the trumpet throughout the land, saying, 'Let the Hebrews hear.' As long as we are weak and subjected to our spiritual enemies, they don’t mind us at all. c. All Israel heard it said that Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines: Saul plainly took credit for Jonathan’s bold attack on the garrison of the Philistines. Saul thought it was important because it might help him win the battle. Saul, Jonathan his son, and the people present with them remained in Gibeah of Benjamin. f. A man after His own heart: What does this mean? i. ii. 1 Samuel 13 – Saul’s Disobedience A. We might imagine that the Philistine blacksmiths, even though they charged each Israelite a pim for sharpening, would never put too fine an edge on anything. Literally, the Hebrew says that Saul wanted to, Samuel – perhaps as a priest blesses the people. 3. Revolt of the Israelites under Saul from the Philistines 1. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, this 12 volume, chapter by chapter commentary of 4,800 sermon outlines and 24,000 homiletic references But as soon as we show some boldness and courage against the LORD’s enemies, our spiritual foes consider us. saw himself as a priest, first offering sacrifice and then giving a blessing. Second, Saul was a king, not a priest, and only priests were to offer sacrifices. e. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be commander over His people: Though God rejected Saul He did not reject Israel. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. on StudyLight.org Saul was more concerned with his will than God’s will. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. Saul chose for himself three thousand men of Israel. : “You see Samuel, it was really your fault. : Earlier, Saul had about 3,000 in his regular army (1 Samuel 13:2). So it came about, on the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people who were with Saul and Jonathan. Samuel did not mean Saul was unintelligent or silly. And Samuel said, “What have you done?” And Saul said, “When I saw that the people were scattered from me, and, you did not come within the days appointed, and, the Philistines gathered together at Michmash, then I said, ‘The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the LORD.’ Therefore I felt compelled, and offered a burnt offering.”, As soon as he finished offering the burnt offering. 1-samuel 13:1 Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, 1-samuel 13:2 Saul chose him three thousand men of Israel; whereof two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in mount Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin: and the rest of the people he sent every man to his tent. Two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in the mountains of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin. 2. of Israel. (13-14) Samuel proclaims God’s judgment upon Saul’s household. But our spiritual enemies have the same attitude as the Philistines. See 2 Samuel 2:10; 2 Samuel 5:4; 1 Kings 14:21, &c. Saul thought God would help him achieve his goals. The issue was bigger than an incident of sin; the issue was being a man after God’s own heart. i. Now that he was king, the men of Israel expected greater things from him. God is. If you came earlier, I wouldn’t have done this.” But if Saul obeyed and trusted God, God would take care of Samuel and the timing. We often think things will “fix” problems when they won’t at all. Can there be any devotion in disobedience? Then Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, “Let the Hebrews hear!” Now all Israel heard it said. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. All the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man’s plowshare: By carefully guarding their military technology, the Philistines kept the Israelites in a subservient place. But David thought it was important because it pleased and honored God. We don’t war against armies of Philistines; our enemies are, principalities… powers… the rulers of the darkness of this age… spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places, (Ephesians 6:12). In 2 Chronicles 26 King Uzziah tried to do the work of priest and God struck him with leprosy. Samuel, Saul may also be trying to show Samuel how spiritual he is. Samuel did not mean Saul was unintelligent or silly. “This number seems incredible to infidels; to whom it may be sufficient to reply, that it is far more rational to acknowledged a mistake in him that copied out the sacred text in such numeral or historical passages, wherein the doctrine of faith and good life in not directly concerned, than upon such a pretense to question the truth and divinity of the Holy Scriptures, which are so fully attested, and evidently demonstrated. David thought that God was the goal. Previously Israel only had a militia that assembled in times of national threat. Ch. The rest of Israel fought with whatever they could. In fact at this time, he wasn’t a man at all! Saul had no business doing what only a priest should do. a. I saw that the people were scattered from me. And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the pass of Michmash. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. He should have been more concerned with pleasing God instead of the people. It would be easy to say that the kingdom was taken from Saul because he sinned and on one level, that was true; but it was more than that. It may be that Saul wanted to keep re-living the glorious day when Samuel recognized and confirmed him as king before the entire nation. He will still be on the throne as a king, but it will never be the same because the end of his kingdom is certain. So they worshipped the LORD there: Worship is a repeated characteristic of this family (see also 1 Samuel 1:3, 19, 28). The last moments of waiting are usually the most difficult and they powerfully tempt us to take matters into our own hands. © 2020 Christianity.com. Praising God on the day you give your little son away may not be easy, but it is praise God is pleased with, even as we are told to bring a sacrifice of praise to God (Hebrews 13:15). We need 2 cookies to store this setting. And the people were called together to Saul at Gilgal. Out of fear, out of panic, out of not knowing what else to do, Saul did something clearly sinful. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. First the waiting for Samuel was stressful because he felt time was his enemy. ). It must be better to have trembling followers than no followers at all, but how much better if Israel would have really trusted the LORD here. Now Saul. All Samuel wanted to hear was confession and repentance. The last moments of waiting are usually the most difficult and they powerfully tempt us to take matters into our own hands. But the Philistines encamped in Michmash. About six hundred men: Earlier, Saul had about 3,000 in his regular army (1 Samuel 13:2). : What does this mean? (19-23) The technological superiority of the Philistines. 1 Samuel 13:1. He recruited three thousand men, two thousand stayed with him, the other thousand stayed under his first son’s supervision, Jonathan. 1 Samuel 13:13 - Samuel said to Saul, Samuel said to Saul, "You have acted foolishly; you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you, for now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. Now, we see God allowed the Philistines to have a huge technological advantage over the Israelites. You have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you: Despite all the excuses, all the reasons, all the blaming of someone else, the bottom line was still the bottom line. with Saul and Jonathan. So, we have to trust God and make a quick attack before they can get organized. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. All sin is a disregard of God, but David sinned more out of weakness and Saul more out of a disregard for God.

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