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definition of cancer

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definition of cancer

NCI's Dictionary of Cancer Terms provides easy-to-understand definitions for words and phrases related to cancer and medicine. For example, cancer drugs may cause nausea or vomiting. Her mother died of breast cancer. Cancer treatment synonyms, Cancer treatment pronunciation, Cancer treatment translation, English dictionary definition of Cancer treatment. When cancer starts in the lungs, it is called lung cancer. Jane was just 25 when she learned she had cancer. A constellation in the Northern Hemisphere near Leo and Gemini. Cancer staging can be divided into a clinical stage and a pathologic stage. Normal cells become cancerous when a series of mutations leads the cell to continue to grow and divide out of control, and, in a way, a cancer cell is a cell that has achieved a sort of immortality. Cancer is a type of disease where cells grow out of control, divide and invade other tissues.In a person without cancer, cell division is under control. Cancer risk factors include exposure to chemicals or other substances, as well as certain behaviors. Call NCI's Cancer Information Service at 1-800-4-CANCER (1-800-422-6237) for information about clinical trials of supportive and palliative care. Cancer is the second of the four cardinal signs of the zodiac, who all hold elemental energy of initiation and leadership at the beginning of the four seasons. These abnormal cells are termed cancer cells, malignant cells, or tumor cells. There are different kinds of breast cancer. Cancer is when your cells begin to grow in an uncontrolled way and spread into other tissues; it can start almost anywhere in your body. It is now used as a general term for over a hundred diseases characterized by the uncontrolled, abnormal growth of cells. Breast cancer can begin in different parts of the breast. Cancer patient definition: a person who is receiving medical treatment for a malignant growth or tumour | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Cancer definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. In the TNM (Tumor, Node, Metastasis) system, clinical stage and pathologic stage are denoted by a small "c" or "p" before the stage (e.g., cT3N1M0 or pT2N0). mass noun 1 A disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body. Metastatic cancer is a cancer that has spread from the part of the body where it started (the primary site) to other parts of the body. But there are many treatments that can help make someone as comfortable as possible. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials. Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. To develop a framework for the definition and classification of cancer cachexia a panel of experts participated in a formal consensus process, including focus groups and two Delphi rounds. 60 (2006), pp. cancer noun [C/U] (DISEASE) a disease in which cells in the body grow without control, or a serious medical condition caused by this disease: [ U ] He died from cancer of the stomach. This means no treatment will eliminate the cancer. cancer noun [C/U] (DISEASE) a disease in which cells in the body grow without control, or a serious medical condition caused by this disease: [ U ] He died from cancer of the stomach. At advanced stages, the cells spread (metastasis) locally or through the bloodstream and lymphatic system to other parts of the body. b. a malignant and invasive growth or tumor, especially one originating in epithelium, tending to recur after excision and to metastasize to other sites. The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. Breast cancer is a disease in which cells in the breast grow out of control. Cancer cachexia was defined as a multifactorial syndrome defined by … The kind of breast cancer depends on which cells in the breast turn into cancer. They also include things people cannot control, like age and family history. In biology, cancer is defined as the malignant growth due to uncontrolled cell division. Cancer that spreads can cause pain, nausea, headaches, or other signs and symptoms depending on what organ is affected. Look it up now! So, we’ve put together a list of some common cancer terminology and abbreviations with explanations of what they mean. A cancer can recur in the same place it was originally diagnosed, or it can recur in a different part of the body. Cancer’s connection with nurturance, sustenance, and rejuvenation is mirrored in the bounty of energy and resources in the Summer months. Once lung cancer has spread beyond the lungs, it's generally not curable. If you have cancer, you may hear medical terms that you don’t understand. Upon ingestion, corn starch is broken down and releases glucose in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Cancer is a serious disease in which cells in a person's body increase rapidly in an uncontrolled way, producing abnormal growths. b. any disease characterized by such growths. These cells can infiltrate normal body tissues. Cancer Therapy, Supportive: Definition Supportive cancer therapy is the use of medicines to counteract unwanted effects of cancer treatment. While these symptoms may indicate cancer, they can also have other causes. Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells anywhere in a body. The number of deaths from cancer – mortality Purpose Along with their beneficial effects, many cancer treatments produce uncomfortable and sometimes harmful side effects. The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. And whose cancer hasn't come back (recurred) 5 years after diagnosis. Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. When a person is growing or replacing old and damaged cells, new cells are produced by mitosis. stage 3 cancer (spread into surrounding tissues or lymph nodes) stage 4 cancer (spread to other parts of the body) Disease free survival. 1 A disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body. Disease free survival means everyone with that type of cancer who is alive. Cardinal Mode. A family history of certain cancers can be a sign of a possible inherited cancer syndrome. Breast cancer can spread when the cancer cells get into the blood or lymph system and are carried to other parts of the body. Medical Definition of cancer 1 : a malignant tumor of potentially unlimited growth that expands locally by invasion and systemically by metastasis 2 : an abnormal state marked by a cancer If you're diagnosed with cancer, you may have more tests to help determine how far it has progressed. In addition, NCI’s Division of Cancer Prevention supports research that addresses prevention and treatment of many cancer-related symptoms , including nausea and vomiting, fatigue, peripheral neuropathy , pain, and sleep problems. A starch derived from corn grain and used as food or food ingredient, with potential anti-hypoglycemic activity. Most people chose this as the best definition of cancer: The definition of cancer... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. cer. (kăn′sər) n. 1. a. The grade describes the appearance of the cancerous cells. The disease often causes death. Cancer and carcinogens Cancer. n. 1. Lung cancer begins in the lungs and may spread to lymph nodes or other organs in the body, such as the brain. When cancer cells break away from a tumor, they can travel to other parts of the body through the bloodstream or the lymph system. any evil … In most tissues, healthy cells divide in a controlled way and copy themselves to create new healthy cells.With cancer, this normal process of cell division goes out of control. Possible signs and symptoms include a lump, abnormal bleeding, prolonged cough, unexplained weight loss, and a change in bowel movements. It’s normal to be concerned that this will happen to you. These contrast with benign tumors, which do not spread. Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials. A breast is made up of three main parts: lobules, ducts, and connective tissue. Terminal cancer is incurable. Cancer cells differ from normal cells in the body in many ways. 1–42. cancer in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers; cancer in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia‎ Jerry R. Craddock, "The Romance descendants of Latin cancer and vespa", in: Romance Philology, Vol. The pathological condition characterized by such growths. The fourth sign of the zodiac in astrology. 2. a. 2. The lymph system is a network of lymph (or lymphatic) vessels found throughout the body that connects lymph nodes (small bean-shaped collections of immune system cells). Ninety per cent of lung cancers are caused by smoking. Lung cancer often spreads (metastasizes) to other parts of the body, such as the brain and the bones. /ˈkænsər/ [uncountable, countable] a serious disease in which growths of cells, also called cancers, form in the body and kill normal body cells. The stage of a cancer describes the size of a tumour and how far it has spread from where it originated. Any of various malignant neoplasms characterized by the proliferation of anaplastic cells that tend to invade surrounding tissue and metastasize to new body sites. Cancer from other organs also may spread to the lungs.

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