‘Dawn.’ is the most widely available cultivar. Check out Prague viburnum. Smaller, but showy, white flower clusters of Japanese snowball viburnum (Viburnum plicatum f. plicatum) in late April. Prefers full sun to part shade and grows best in the Piedmont. Please can you tell me if this is directed at human beings, or are they harmful to animals as well. Viburnum tinus âGwenllianâ bears flowers and berries at the same time, but Viburnum tinus âSpiritâ is neater in habit. © 2020 Discovery or its subsidiaries and affiliates. The species grows as an upright, rounded, small tree, 12 to 20 feet tall if unpruned. Sandankwa Viburnum (V. suspensum): Plants grow 6 to 12 feet high with a spreading habit and coarse, dense texture. They can be anywhere within about 50' of one another; both plants will develop fruit. Caches of hackberries have been found in ancient cave sites. Awabuki Viburnum (V. awabuki): Awabuki viburnum grows in a strongly upright form, 15 to 20 feet tall by 10 to 15 feet wide. Check with your local extension office to learn which viburnums are the best pollinators for the plant you want. No pollination means no fruit. Don't miss your favorite shows in real time online. Tea Viburnum (V. setigerum): Tea viburnum is grown primarily for its spectacular berry display. It may be severely damaged by cold winters if temperatures dip into the mid to low teens. It is often attacked by aphids, which distort new growth. It was previously included in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae.. It is often confused with V. awabuki. The waxy flowers have a spicy scent that makes it easy to identify, and it produces bright red berries in the fall. Clusters of pink buds open to slightly-fragrant, white flowers between January and early April. ‘Roseum’ is known as European or common snowball. The flowers for which Viburnum is noted, are carried in flat sprays approx 5/10cm wide. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. The berries are magnificent and so welcome in the late season garden. They are followed by black berries in late summer. Some viburnum have wonderful winter variety. It is grown primarily for winter bloom. This is probably the most shade tolerant evergreen viburnum. Muted red fall color of fragrant snowball viburnum Viburnum x carlecephalum ‘Cayuga’. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at firstname.lastname@example.org or 1-888-656-9988. If you plant ANOTHER cultivar of the same species, that flowers at the same time, then you can get berries. ‘Cayuga’ fruit matures to black in late summer. ‘Autumn Jazz’ is vase shaped, 8 to 10 feet tall by 10 to 12 feet wide with red, yellow, orange, and burgundy fall color. This large group of plants consists of more than 150 species and numerous named cultivars. Foliage may be damaged if temperatures fall below 10 °F. The leaves are 2 to 5 inches long and dark, leathery green. Plants should be spaced at least 4 to 10 feet apart, depending on the mature size of the cultivar. Excessive summer heat and drought may result in leaf scorch. Varieties that hold their berries into winter make up the third group. Walter’s Viburnum (V. obovatum): Native to the coastal plains of South Carolina, this species is hardy throughout the state. Its berries shift through shades of green, white, pink, rose and blue. Learn about Viburnum awabuki ‘Chindo,’ a real stunner in the viburnum family. Possum-Haw Viburnum (V. nudum): Possum-haw is closely related to Witherod viburnum (V. cassinoides). Colorful fruit contribute to fall color on many species. If you are looking for a flowering shrub that will add beauty to your landscape, one of the popular Viburnum shrubs may be a great addition. The viburnum berries typically shift through a sequence of colors as they ripen, which creates a changing scene in the garden. Did you scroll all this way to get facts about viburnum berries? Habit is dense and rounded, with leathery, glossy green leaves. The white flowers beckon all kinds of pollinators, including birds, bees and other insects. Karen Russ, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Flowers are most abundant in full sun, but afternoon or dappled shade will help prevent summer wilting. It forms a dense, wide mass, 3 to 5 feet tall and 4 to 5 feet wide. Selections are often denser. Small white flowers open in April from pink buds and are followed by limited black fruit. Learn the trick to getting your viburnums to produce berries. Red to black berries appear in late summer. Viburnum plicatum is a bushy, deciduous shrub with pretty white flowerheads. The dark, leathery leaves have a pronounced wooly, light gray underside. Twinberry and Red-flowering Currant have the additional bonus of attracting Rufous Hummingbirds as well. The Viburnum Specialists Our passion for viburnums is evidenced by offering our customers the largest selection of viburnums in the United States. ( 23 ) Consuming red raspberries has been linked to reducing the risk of developing chronic diseases such as cancer, heart disease, and type 2 diabetes. viburnum (V. carlesii), as it also has pink flower buds, and white, fragrant flowers that are held in 2- to 3-inch diameter cymes in early spring. Lustrous, dark green leaves with the three impressed veins is characteristic of David viburnum (Viburnum davidii). Learn about David viburnum, a low growing shrub with eye-catching texture. A few, like the arrowhead viburnum, are grown for their bright blue berries in the fall. It typically grows to 7 to 8 feet tall. Pinkish-red fruit of burkwood viburnum (Viburnum x burkwoodii) mature to glossy black in late September. Description. This cultivar is resistant to bacterial leaf spot. ‘Shasta’ is a broad, spreading selection. Prolic red fruit made by ‘Erie’ linden viburnum (Viburnum diatatum ‘Erie’) in November. awabuki). Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. It does best in the upper Piedmont. Cluster of bright red, ½-inch long fruit of tea viburnum (Viburnum setigerum) in November. It’s a shorter viburnum, growing 2 to 3 feet high. Cranberry bush viburnum has bright berries that resemble cranberries (be warned, though, the fruit often has a funky smell some people liken to dirty socks). Bracted Viburnum (V. bracteatum): This viburnum grows 10 feet tall and 8 to 10 feet wide in an oval to rounded form. Colonists used the berries in jams, and modern gardeners prize this viburnum for its ability to lure birds to the garden. Prefers full sun to part shade, and grows best in the upper Piedmont. It grows best in the Piedmont. Some viburnums have berry clusters that showcase several hues at once. Flat clusters of white flowers in late May to June are followed by highly ornamental mixed-color clusters of green, pink, red and blue fruits that eventually mature to black in August to October. Get video instructions about kitchens, bathrooms, remodeling, flooring, painting and more. It is insect and disease resistant. Flowers are pink budded, opening to white, non-fragrant, 2-to 3-inch clusters in April to May. Viburnum shrubs produce berries in a variety of colors, including neon pink, lemon yellow, robin egg blue and deep purple-black. Unlike most viburnums, it tolerates hot, dry areas and sandy soil in full sun to shade. Both grow to 8 to 9 feet tall and wide, and are very similar in habit. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Spicily fragrant, 2 to 3-inch flower clusters open in March or April. This is a cross between V. rhytidophyllum and V. lantana. I have many animals that come into my garden, including my own dog and two cats. It prefers sun to part shade, is highly tolerant of heat, drought and wind, and grows best in the Piedmont. The flowers are very fragrant, long-lasting, white, 4- to 5-inch clusters that open in March to early April. You love to DIY. Flowers are fragrant and white, and berries are red. It grows as an attractive, dense, rounded plant, 6 to 10 feet tall and is a suckering shrub. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. It is resistant to bacterial leaf spot. Discover the viburnum that thrives in shade and has great fall color. It prefers moist, well-drained soil in sun or part shade and grows well in most areas of the state, except for the lower Coastal Plain. Pink buds open to creamy white, lightly fragrant 3-to 6-inch wide, flower clusters in March to April. The genus Viburnum is immense, and choosing the right selection for your garden is not easy. ‘Cayuga’ is a hybrid that was created by backcrossing. The flowers start green and change to white. Growth habit is open and upright in the species. Berries are red to shiny black. All rights reserved. Fruit is produced sparsely. Their flowers range from sweetly fragrant to unpleasantly scented and are primarily creamy white, but can vary from white to pink. All That Glitters Viburnum Spacing. With this viburnum, berries first appear bright pink, then shift to pastel blue and ultimately ripen to bold purple. Container grown plants can be planted at that time, but extra attention will need to be given to watering through the summer heat. Cold infusion of viburnum berries It is used as a vitamin, tonic; has a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system. I have been given two Viburnum bushes for my garden, but note from the planting instructions says ALL PARTS OF THIS PLANT ARE HARMFUL IF EATEN. It is adaptable to soil type, provided it is well-drained and will grow in sun or shade. The best way to ensure that your viburnums produce fruit is to plant more than one variety of a viburnum species. Most viburnums fruit best when two different varieties of the same species are planted near one another. It sounds complicated, but all you need to do is a little homework before buying viburnums. The most common viburnum berries material is glass. ‘Whorled Class’ is a rounded, compact cultivar that grows to 5 feet tall and wide. They appear in April. Also, I have two new leather leaf viburnums, and want to know how best to treat them to get lots of berries in fall for the birds. Larger, denser shrubs provide cover and nesting opportunities. Joey Williamson, ©2007 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Most viburnums have eye-catching berries to top off the pretty flowers and foliage. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. Berries are bright, metallic blue, but are borne only if two separate clones of the plant are grown together. Bodnant Viburnum (V. x bodnantense): This rather open, coarse plant grows to 10 feet or more. Viburnum is a genus of about 150â175 species of flowering plants in the moschatel family Adoxaceae. Viburnum davidii produces intensely colored berries, including shades of green, pink, red and turquoise blue. ‘Chippewa’ has glossy foliage and maroon to bright red fall color. The individual florets grow in clusters usually found at the ends â¦ It is a good choice where a rapid growing screen is needed. The following cultivars of Japanese viburnum are semi-evergreen. Pink buds open to white flowers in April. They are followed by red to black fruit in July to August. H x S: 1.8m x 2m Viburnum is a genus of about 150â175 species of flowering plants in the moschatel family Adoxaceae.Its current classification is based on molecular phylogeny. Joey Williamson, ©2016 HGIC, Clemson Extension. ‘Mariesii’ is noted for its layered, horizontal branching and large white flower clusters. Cream-colored flowers in late spring are followed by blue to blue-black fruit. Copyright © 2020 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact UsHGIC@clemson.edu, Rain Garden Plants: Muhlenbergia capillaris – Muhly Grass, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. Fall color on mapleleaf viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium). Viburnum tinus is a stunning plant to have in the garden and makes a fantastic hedge feature. Most viburnums are dense shrubs forming a mass of green foliage, but some varieties grow as loose, open shrubs or small trees. Compact species and cultivars may be slower growing. The thing to know about viburnums is that each plant is usually self-infertile. Their flowers range from sweetly fragrant to unpleasantly scented and are primarily creamy white, but can vary from white to pink. The brownish flower buds are highly visible starting from the previous summer. Another great viburnum that shows multiple colors in a fruit cluster is Viburnum cassinoides. All That Glows Viburnum Spacing Pinkish-lavender fall color of American cranberrybush viburnum (Viburnum opulus var. Burkwood Viburnum (V. x burkwoodii): Burkwood viburnum is semi-evergreen, 8 to 10 feet tall and wide, with glossy dark green leaves that turn dark red in winter. The late-spring flowers are creamy white, flat-topped clusters, up to 3 inches across. This name is sometimes mistakenly given to sweet viburnum (V. odoratissimum), a much different, larger plant. American cranberrybush is Viburnum trilobum, a name that’s been recently changed to Viburnum opulus ‘Americanum.’ It produces flattened flower clusters that yield edible red berries. Fruit are ovoid, metallic blue that age to black. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. It is drought and heat tolerant. The dark green, 4-inch leaves turn yellow to reddish purple in fall. This plant grows best in the south and eastern edges of the coastal plains. This species is very similar to V. dilatatum, but with glabrous stems and larger leaves. To grow these into a hedge plant 48 inches apart, center on center. The leaves are 3 to 8 inches long and 1½ to 4 inches wide. With over 200 Viburnum taxa in inventory, we are dedicated to providing you with the opportunity to experience the vast diversity and four seasons of interest that this genus has to offer. Need a fast growing viburnum for a hedge? Doublefile viburnum grows best in the Piedmont, preferring moist but well drained soil, and some shade. It is essentially pest free. Many cultivars are available. Bright red fruit mature to black. Viburnum species vary considerably in where they will thrive in South Carolina. In bloom it resembles the layered look of flowering dogwood. Somewhat smaller than Nannyberry, it has an especially beautiful form, often with one or more trunks and slender arching branches. The most popular color? Let's get together. The flowers are clove-scented, white, 2- to 3-inch clusters, opening in March to April. David viburnum may take cold damage if a warm winter is followed by late frosts. Pruning All That Glows Viburnum is not necessary. Viburnums include deciduous and evergreen shrubs and small trees, mostly native to North America or to Asia. The Prague viburnum is a hybrid between Viburnum rhytidophyllum and V. utile. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. Viburnums are mostly moderate- to fast-growing plants. If you must prune, you should do so in late spring after the berries have formed. Pink flower buds arise in March on ‘Cayuga’ viburnum (Viburnum x carlcephalum). They can grow from 1 foot to more than 2 feet per year. The individual florets grow in clusters usually found at the ends of branches. Plants sucker and can form large colonies. It is best grown in the Midlands and Coastal Plain. It’s hardy in Zones 7 to 9. Oblong fruit are dark red. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. Sometimes viburnums won’t produce fruit, even though the plant puts on a strong flower show. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. This species has excellent fall color with leaves turning bright pink to reddish purple in fall. The leaves are similar to those of fragrant snowball, turning burgundy to purple in fall. For further information on problems on viburnums, refer to the fact sheet HGIC 2057, Viburnum Diseases & Insect Pests. Many species will tolerate summer heat better if planted where they receive afternoon shade or shade during the hottest part of the day. Viburnum â¦ Flowers are in 2 inch wide clusters opening in March to April. This means that a plant can’t pollinate its own flowers. Showy, 2-to 3-inch snowball-like clusters of white sterile flowers resemble those of V. opulus. They have been consumed by humans for millennia and are one of the first known foods that humans have eaten and stored. Linden Viburnum (V. dilatatum): Linden viburnum grows to 8 to10 feet tall and not quite as wide. David Viburnum (V. davidii): This is an exceptionally attractive, evergreen, low-growing shrub with parallel-veined, dark blue-green, leathery leaves. Popular cultivars to grow include âDartâs Red Robinâ and âMariesiiâ, both of which have pretty, lacecap flowers, followed by berries in autumn. And I know why too, no pollination. Viburnums are excellent hedge or screen plants, foundation shrubs or specimen plants, depending on the mature height of the selection. Fruit are red and mature to purple-black. Witherod Viburnum (V. cassinoides): Witherod is native to the mountains and upper Piedmont of South Carolina. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. Many selections are available, including: Japanese Snowball (V. plicatum f. plicatum): This shrub grows 8 to 15 feet tall and wide. However, plants are often most readily available in nurseries at bloom time in the spring. It blooms in April with 2- to 4-inch clusters of small fertile flowers edged with large, sterile flowers, giving a lace cap effect. Discover how to use viburnum shrubs in the landscape. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Lantanaphyllum Viburnum (V. x rhytidophylloides): This semi-evergreen to evergreen viburnum is similar in appearance to leatherleaf viburnum. Plants are heat tolerant and will grow well in most areas, but will not tolerate drought. Leatherleaf Viburnum (V. rhytidophyllum): This evergreen species has large, shiny, dark, leathery leaves. The fruit is a drupe, with a fleshy coat and a hard endocarp, which contains a single seed. Nearly all Viburnum have terrific autumn foliage colors, too. The foliage is highly tolerant of bacterial leaf spot and powdery mildew, and fall color is a dull orange-red. Most viburnums grow well when planted in moist, rich and slightly acidic soil (pH 5.5 to 6.5). When planted together, they ensure an especially heavy berry set. Viburnums are evergreen or deciduous, depending on the species and the location. White, sweetly scented flowers of Bitchui viburnum (V. bitchiuense), Flowers are 1½ to 2-inches across and held in loose clusters. ‘Chenaultii’ has a finer texture and habit, and is later-blooming than the species. A landscape favorite, this viburnum has all of the wildlife power of the above two species. The dark green leaves turn orange-red in fall. The white flowers consist of 2- to 4- inch clusters of small fertile blossoms ringed with larger, sterile blossoms for a lace cap effect. The cranberry bush viburnums are well known for producing fruits that are edible and attractive to birds. Once established in a suitable site, most viburnums have low maintenance needs. The flowers appear in conical, 3- to 6-inch clusters and are white and lightly fragrant in mid-spring. Flowers are not followed by fruit, but this species often re-blooms in late summer or fall. The berry clusters often show several hues at once, adding even more interest to the garden. The leaves are leathery and glossy, dark green, turning bronze-yellow in fall. Since then, it has become a significant landscape pest and has discouraged the planting of susceptible viburnum species. ‘Compactum’ grows only 4 to 5 feet high and wide, and is extremely dense growing. The berry show on Viburnum juddii isnât spectacular, but if berries form, they ripen from burgundy to red in autumn. Laurustinus (V. tinus): Laurustinus is an upright, rounded evergreen that grows 6 to 12 feet tall, and a bit less in width. The blossoms are composed entirely of large, sterile flowers that are lime green at first, changing to white. It is not very tolerant of high heat and is best grown in moist, but well-drained soil, in shade. Native to Europe, VLB was accidentally introduced to North America sometime in the last century. Large, showy, white flower clusters of Chinese snowball viburnum (Viburnum macrocephalum) in late April. Many cultivars are available. Most prefer sun, but some do â¦ Leaves take on a purple tint in winter. It is adaptable to different soils and grows in part shade to shade. ‘Spring Bouquet’ laurustinus viburnum (Viburnum tinus) in bloom during early March. The Guelder rose, Viburnum opulus, is just one of many viburnums. Many cultivars are available. It grows in sun or shade, in well drained soil. Deep soak even well-established plants during long dry spells. Chuck Burgess, ©2007 HGIC, Clemson Extension. It makes a good screening plant. It has excellent fruit set and red fall color. ‘Emerald Lustre’ has pink tinged new growth, with lustrous green mature leaves. The flowers are somewhat unpleasant smelling, white clusters in late spring, followed by abundant bright red, shiny fruit from mid-fall until at least December. Some viburnums have berry clusters that showcase several hues at once. Fruit starts rose pink and matures to blue-black in fall. saiko3p/Shutterstock. Flowers are fragrant, white with a pink tinge in 2-to 4-inch panicles. It grows 10 to 12 feet tall with very showy flower clusters composed entirely of sterile flowers (produce no fruit). While the plant is hardy to 0 °F once established, leaves may suffer cold damage if temperatures dip below 10 °F. A good plant for birds. The leaves are always arranged opposite one another on the stems. Grow viburnums for their beautiful blooms, and you’ll soon be loving them for their eye-catching berries. The habit is multi-stemmed and rounded. ‘Asian Beauty’ is an upright form to 10 feet tall with long-lasting, cherry-red fruit. Incorporate organic soil conditioner at planting, so that the future root area of the planting bed contains 10 to 20 percent organic matter. Many viburnums flower best in full sun, but light preferences vary from full sun to mostly shade. Lustrous leaves of ‘Chindo’ awabuki viburnum (Viburnum. Larustinus (Viburnum tinus) This is a type of viburnum that can be seen growing in hardiness zones seven to 10. Karen Russ, ©2007 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Viburnum dilatatum can grow up to 3 meters tall shrub and wide. Prague Viburnum (V. x pragense): This species has shiny, 2 to 4 inch long leaves on a fast growing, upright, oval shrub, growing to 10 feet tall or more. Erni/Shutterstock. Plants grow best in the Piedmont, in moist but well drained soil, in full sun or partial shade. A note on pollination: If berries are important to you, you must plant at least one All That Glitters viburnum and at least one All That Glows viburnum . Viburnums range in height from 2 feet to 30 feet. Well you're in luck, because here they come. European Cranberrybush (V. opulus var. ‘Eskimo’ is a hybrid between. White flowers are produced in 2- to 4-inch flattened cymes in the spring. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Like many viburnums, Juddi viburnum is deer resistant. The mapleleaf viburnum (Viburnum acerfolium), hardy in USDA zones 3 through 8, bears clusters of black berries that often persist through the winter. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. This is a hybrid between V. japonicum and V. dilatatum. ‘Alleghany’ has extra dark, leathery leaves, abundant flowering and a rounded habit. Unfortunately, the flowers have no fragrance. The fruit is red, aging to black, and appears in early to mid-summer. Maple-like leaves are dark green, turning yellow to red or purple in fall. Special features : berries, deer resistant, Proven Winners, native. Produces dark scarlet fruit. The leaves are simple, arranged opposite on a branch and the shape may vary from broadly obovate, obovate, or broadly ovate. White snowball flower clusters of Viburnum x ‘Eskimo’ in April. This species tolerates deep shade and dry soil, provided it is also high in organic matter. Karen Russ, ©2007 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Marjan Kluepfel, Former HGIC Horticulture Information Specialist, Clemson UniversityBob Polomski, PhD, Extension Consumer Horticulturist, Clemson University, Karen Russ, Former HGIC Horticulture Specialist, Clemson UniversityJoey Williamson, PhD, HGIC Horticulture Extension Agent, Clemson University. Bodnant viburnum (Viburnum x bodnantense) in bloom in late December. americanum). This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Discover a must-have plant for your landscape. Aphids, thrips, spider mites, scale, root weevils and plant parasitic nematodes can be problems, also. Plants have good drought resistance and make an excellent screen. Be sure to trim off dead or sick branches, but do not prune, because you will be risking cutting off flowers and future berries. It has a dense, compact form, growing 8 to 10 feet tall and wide. Pink fruit matures to blue. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 1075 | Updated: Oct 14, 2014 | Print, Brightly colored fall berries are a feature of many viburnums, as with this Viburnum wrightii. The growth habit is strongly upright and multi-stemmed, growing 10 to 15 feet tall. Occasional pruning will help encourage density. And they feed all manner of birds. branch of red viburnum in the garden, closeup. Viburnums are members of Caprifoliaceae. Fruit are red, which finally turn to a glossy black. These versatile shrubs are fun to grow and easy to get along with. This plant grows from zone four to zone seven, and it can be six feet tall at maturity. The foliage ranges from glossy green to a dull, dark green, velvet appearance to foliage that is thick and leathery. Another common cause for non-flowering viburnums is improper pruning. In fact, from all the fruits on the list of healthy berries, raspberries come out top in terms of dietary fiber. Although most viburnums are not seriously troubled by diseases or pests, several problems can occur, particularly when plants are stressed or in poor growing conditions. Grow 2 cultivars or seedlings together for best berry set. It has glossy dark green leaves and intense blue fruit. Creamy white flowers in 3 to 4 inch clusters appear in April. With all of these viburnums, ripening fruit offers contrast with fall leaf color, which adds another dimension to the show. The spectacular, 6- to 8-inch flower. Go wild with a native viburnum that’s a big hit for inviting wildlife to a garden. It grows well throughout the state, prefers part shade, is heat tolerant and also tolerates wet soil. Listed below are some common species and their cultivars. Berries are bright red, and persist from fall well into winter. Cream-colored flowers of arrowwood viburnum (Viburnum dentatum) are held in 4-inch wide cymes during early May. Learn about a native viburnum shrub prized by native peoples for its edible berries. Virburnum, available in both evergreen and deciduous forms, is a popular shrub that offers many benefits for home gardeners. If an overgrown plant needs to be renewal pruned, this should be done in the early spring. It prefers moist, but well drained soil, and some shade. Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium) is a forest understory shrub that also grows well in full sun. Other strong fruit producing viburnums include doublefile viburnum (Viburnum plicatum ‘Mariesii’), arrowwood viburnum (Viburnum dentatum) and Viburnum edule. With the compact size of only 4-5 feet tall and wide, you should not need to prune ever. It will grow in the Piedmont or Midlands in moist, but well-drained soil, in sun to part shade. It flowers a bit later than ‘Chesapeake’. Viburnum berries are also strongly attractive to birds, which makes viburnums a great addition to a wildlife garden. Plants grow best in the Piedmont, in full sun or partial shade. An excellent web site from Cornell University for identification of viburnum species is: http://www.hort.cornell.edu/vlb/key/index.html. Best locations for the different species are listed as Piedmont, Central (Midlands) or Coastal Plains. ‘Blue Muffin’ grows to 5 to 7 feet tall and 2 to 4 feet wide. Using: Most sources that offer dishes for any Viburnum fruit for making jams or jellies, or the paste for contributing to meals discuss preparing the fruit, then separating the seeds and skin by putting the prepared fruit through a food mill or pushing through a sieve. Others such as Cranberry Viburnum, Douglas Hawthorne, Crabapples are more the "broccoli" berries, they taste better after a few freeze-n-thaws, but they do get eaten eventually. Japanese snowball grows best in the Piedmont. Mulch the plants or bed with 4 to 6 inches of pine straw or 2 to 3 inches of bark. This is a cross of ‘Cayuga’ and, ‘Conoy’ is a dense, evergreen with a spreading form to 5 feet tall and 8 feet wide. The brilliant colored fruits are yellow, orange, red, pink, blue or black. We love to DIY. The following cultivars are heat tolerant down to the lower Piedmont. It is also native to South Carolina. Berries are bright red. ‘Catskill’ is a slow-growing, compact cultivar, growing 6 feet tall by 8 feet wide. Viburnums are relatively deer-resistant shrubs. Fruit of bitchui viburnum (Viburnum bitchiuense) change from red to black at maturity. ‘Mohawk’ has red buds, which are showy long before they expand into white spicy-fragrant flowers. Fragrant Snowball (V. x carlecephalum): Fragrant snowballs grow 6 to 10 feet tall and wide. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. Berries are uncommon, red turning to black in mid fall. Viburnums range in height from 2 feet to 30 feet. It has very thick, very shiny, narrow 3-to 7-inch-long by ½-to 2-inch-wide leaves with distinct teeth. Chinese Snowball (V. macrocephalum): Chinese snowball grows to 12 to 20 feet tall with a dense, rounded form. If youâre noticing lots of holes in the leaves of your viburnums from late spring through summer, chances are good that you have viburnum leaf beetle (VLB). ‘Erie’ grows 10 feet tall by 8 feet wide, with profuse, unusually colored coral-red fruit that persist into spring. The height and spread of most viburnums can be regulated with selective thinning pruning in early spring. Some of the small-leafed evergreen viburnums can be sheared, but be aware that shearing will remove most flower buds and/or berries. Leaves often turn purple in winter. It is variable in size, growing 6 to 15 feet tall and as wide. All are cutting grown. Viburnum shrubs produce berries in a variety of colors, including neon pink, lemon yellow, robin egg blue and deep purple-black. Doublefile Viburnum (V. plicatum f. tomentosum): Doublefile viburnum is one of the most attractive viburnums, with a spreading, horizontal branching form. ‘Winterthur’ grows 6 feet tall and wide with glossy, green foliage that turns red in fall. (Viburnum was previously included in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae.) It is very similar in appearance and habit, but the leaves are more lustrous. Flower clusters with small, white fragrant blooms of Japanese viburnum (Viburnum japonicum) in April. There are thorns, yes, but the birds do love these berries. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. It will grow best in partial shade and moist, but well drained soil in the Piedmont. 60+ Ways to Use Up Thanksgiving Leftovers. Mapleleaf Viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium): Native to the mountains and upper Piedmont of South Carolina, this species grows slowly to 6 feet tall and 4 feet wide, and has dark green leaves with three lobes, like maple leaves. Large clusters of creamy white flowers open in April. Fruit are red to black and mature in late summer. Viburnum Berries Recipe. Sweet Viburnum (V. odoratissimum): Sweet viburnum is evergreen and grows in an upright form 10 to 20 feet tall. The flowers are pure white, in 3-to 4-inch round snowball type clusters. Service Viburnum (V. utile): This viburnum is not often grown as a species but has produced some excellent hybrids. Small, loose clusters of fragrant pink flowers bloom in winter but may be damaged by freezes. ‘Chicago Lustre’ is a 10 foot tall, upright selection with dark glossy foliage. All hackberries are edible and highly nutritious. clusters open in March or April. Browse a full list of topics found on the site, from accessories to mudrooms to wreaths. Bright red fruit of linden viburnum (Viburnum dilatatum) in October. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Very fragrant, white flowers of ‘Cayuga’ viburnum (Viburnum x carlcephalum). Q. Viburnum toxicity. The nearly round, gray green leaves are 2 to 5 inches in diameter. Bitchiu viburnum grows well in both sun or part shade and tolerates most soils as long as they are well-drained. The malodorous flowers are creamy white, held in 5 inch wide flat clusters in late spring, and followed by blue-purple fruit in late summer. The leaves are 2 to 3 inches long and grayish green, turning purple in fall. It is less cold hardy than the species. ‘Spring Bouquet’ is compact and rounded in form, reaching 5 to 6 feet in height and width. ‘Mrs. It grows 10 feet tall by 12 feet wide, with profuse, large, pure white flower clusters. If you would like to plant as a foundational planting or border, it is best to do 72 inches apart, center on center. You can also search online in garden forums to learn what viburnums other gardeners in your area use to pollinate one another. Black Haw (V. prunifolium): Black haw is native throughout South Carolina. Fall coloration is an attractive feature of viburnums with leaf colors ranging from a glossy red to scarlet or purple. Burkwood viburnum is both heat and pollution tolerant. Kick off spring with the intensely fragrant blooms of Judd viburnum. ‘Iroquois’ has a dense, rounded habit with large, textured, dark green leaves in summer and orange-red to maroon fall color. A variety of fungal leaf spots and a bacterial leaf spot are fairly common on viburnums. The leaves droop as temperatures approach freezing. Japanese Viburnum (V. japonicum): Plants are evergreen and grow 6 to 8 feet tall and wide. This species is tolerant of a wide range of growing conditions, including high pH soils, heavy clay soils and heavy shade, but prefers well drained soil. Alternatively, you can plant a closely related viburnum that flowers at the same time as the plant you want to produce fruit. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. ‘Variegata’ has conspicuously creamy yellow variegations along the leaf margins. It is an upright, rounded, small tree or multi-stemmed shrub to 12 to 15 feet tall and 8 to 12 feet wide. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Last year when I bought them, they were tiny shrubs in 4 inch pots and looked rather ragged for wear. Or ask at the nursery where you’ll be making your viburnum purchases. Previously viburnums were included in the plant family Caprifoliaceae; however, recently they have been moved into the family Adoxaceae, along with elderberries (Sambucusspecies). They bring a different style and several colours, but you can never tell how long the berries â¦ This is a cross of, ‘Eskimo’ is semi-evergreen. Leaves turn reddish purple in fall. Periodically remove old and weak canes. A: There are two flower forms of snowball viburnum.Viburnum macrocephalum, with the big white hydrangea-type flowers, is a sterile flower form.It does not make berries. The fall color is bright orange to red purple. The white flowers open in early April and are not striking, but the heavy production of scarlet fruit from September to late fall is outstanding. Japanese viburnum will grow throughout the state. Koreanspice Viburnum (V. carlesii): This species grows 4 to 8 feet tall and wide, with a dense, rounded habit. Fall color varies from yellow to purple and red. Flowers are creamy white, in 2 to 4 inch wide clusters, opening in late March to April. They grow best with moist but well-drained soil and some shade. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. It grows as a spreading and colonizing shrub. Prefers full sun to part shade, and grows best in the Piedmont. Occasionally, plants can reach 20 to 30 feet tall. This species grows best in the upper Piedmont in full sun or part shade, and tolerates moist to wet soil. Wright Viburnum (V. wrightii): The Wright viburnum grows best in the Piedmont of South Carolina, has an upright habit, and reaches to 6 to 10 feet tall. ‘Chesapeake’ is semi-evergreen, 6 feet tall and 10 feet wide with wavy-edged, leathery dark green leaves. The bark of the stems are brown with some orange, the stems are pubescent, and stems change color from brown to a dark gray as they mature. 3-4 tablespoons of berries (fresh, dried or frozen) in the evening pour 0.5 liters of cold boiled water, insist night, strain in the morning, squeeze â¦ To preserve flowers, wait to prune until just after bloom. opulus): This species grows 10 to 15 feet tall and wide with arching branches. In general, heavy fruit set is only reliable when at least 2 different cultivars or seedlings of the same species are planted together. Schiller’s Delight’ is a dwarf cultivar, growing 1½ feet tall and 3 feet wide. As with most shrubs in the southeast, fall planting of viburnums is ideal. It has very dense, small, semi-evergreen, early emerging foliage and is suitable for hedging. All prefer part to full sun and fertile soils. The leaves, once used for tea, are 3 to 6 inches long, dark green, turning muted red in fall. Please note, we advise not to eat the berries, as they can give you a mild stomach-ache if eaten. The viburnum berries typically shift through a sequence of colors as they ripen, which creates a changing scene in the garden. âHackberries have a thin, very sweet purple skin surrounding a crunchy shell with a tiny nut inside. This species grows best in the upper Piedmont of South Carolina, and may grow 8 to 10 feet tall and wide. There are 101 viburnum berries for sale on Etsy, and they cost $23.92 on average. Arrowwood (V. dentatum): Arrowwood is native to several areas throughout South Carolina. Fruit are red, ovoid ⅓-inch long, and very showy. Plants grow best in the upper Piedmont, in moist but well-drained soil, in partial shade to shade. It does not produce fruit. Plants grow 8 to 12 feet tall in an upright, somewhat leggy form. This viburnum will grow in wet to dry soils, in sun to part shade. Viburnum opulus is European cranberry bush, which also produces bright red berries. ‘Emerald Luster’ has exceptionally nice lustrous foliage. Growing viburnums include fragrant springtime blooms, attractive autumn and showy berries that welcome songbirds to your garden. Linden viburnum (Viburnum dilatatum) 'Cardinal Candy' is covered with large, bright-red berries that replace creamy-white, flat-headed spring flowers. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. ‘Willowwood’ has lustrous leaves, an arching habit, and often reblooms in fall. Viburnum shrubs are one of the many ornamental shrubs that blooms on old wood, so waiting until after blooming to prune is recommended.Trimming them during dormancy will result in the loss of all â¦ SuzL 05/09/2011 I have a beautiful Mayflower vibernum which blooms with wonderful fragrant flowers each spring followed by berries to feed the birds. Excessive summer heat and drought may result in leaf scorch. Bitchiu Viburnum (V. bitchiuense): This species of viburnum is closely related to the Koreanspice. It grows well in sun and shade, most soil types and has good heat and drought tolerance. Celebrate viburnum berries with the colorful fruit of Mohican viburnum. ‘Huron’ has leathery matte foliage and rich red-purple fall color. You can get a similar berry show on a larger plant (6 to 8 feet tall and wide) by planting Viburnum nudum, also known as witherod viburnum. Well, my Elderberries have finished blooming but no berries set. They appear in mid-to late spring. Stems are red. Viburnum flowers attract many butterflies, and the fruit clusters are popular with birds and other wildlife. popular Names: Guelder-Rose, water elder, cramp bark, snowball tree and European cranberry bush You guessed it: red. Previously viburnums were included in the plant family Caprifoliaceae; however, recently they have been moved into the family Adoxaceae, along with elderberries (Sambucus species). It is a robust plant, growing 8 to 10 feet tall or more, with an upright, spreading habit.
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