Shapes of States . After the war these associations became better organized and focused increasingly on political issues. ... any political or popular movement intended to reclaim and reoccupy a lost homeland. Free practice questions for AP Human Geography - Colonialism & Imperialism. Human Geography: Definition. COURSE AND EXAM DESCRIPTION. Gravity. Definition. According to the author, what are the three main reasons why ethnicity is a controversial topic in our culture? Advanced Placement Human Geography (also known as AP Human Geo, AP Geography, APHG, AP HuGe, AP HuG, AP Human, or HGAP) is an Advanced Placement social studies course that studies human geography.The test is administered by College Board.. STUDY. any political or popular movement intended to reclaim and reoccupy a lost homeland. Interregional Migration patterns: Permanent movement from one region of a country to another: Rural-urban Migration patterns: the process of migration from an agricultural area to an city generally driven by poverty and job opportunity ex: the last train home: Migratory movement a group of people who have come together to advocate for freedom. Independence movements and the changing political landscape . Barron's AP Human Geography Chapter 4. 5. AP Human Geography-Agriculture 37 Terms. legal authority is exerted by a political executive to which federal states, local authorities, and smaller units are considered subject. Includes full solutions and score reporting. More difficult for people in remote areas to integrate with rest of the state. Colonialism is the effort by one country to establish settlements in a territory and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles on that territory. The first local and regional African political parties grew out of these groups. a sense of a nation as a cohesive whole, as represented by distinctive traditions, culture, and language. species of political collectivism which maintains that the state transcends individuals within the State in power, right, or priority. THE MODERN CONCEPT of nationalism was born with the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648. b. the behavior of a male animal that defines and defends its territory, a treaty-like, legal sounding document is drawn up in which actual points in the landscape are described, the translation of the written terms of a boundary treaty into an official cartographic representation, actual placing of a political boundary of the landscape by means of barriers, fences, walls, or other markers, boundaries that are administered by administration, a boundary existing, occurring, or carried on between two or more nations. majority-area in which the majority of the constituents in the district are racial or ethnic minorities. Devolution of political power from a central authority creates this allowing for more regional or local control, a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing states. Write. ecorona-enriq PLUS. Entries on this list must meet three criteria: Definition, delimitation, and demarcation. Term. Nicholas Spykman's theory that the domination of the coastal fringes of Eurasia would provided the base for world conquest. Genetic Drift. Defining Nationalism â¢Historic Definition âA desire by a large group of people to form a separate country with a government that represents them or rejoin a country it had been ... âZionist movement: Encouraged the movement of Jews back to historic homeland AP Human Geography . organization; includes all countries but 3: Kosoro, Taiwan, Vatican City; type- economic, militaristic, cultural, North Atlantic Treaty Organization; formed shortly after WWII; includes Western Europe, USA, and areas bordering the North Atlantic; type- militaristic, political, European Union; post WWII to make a European identity, includes 28 European countries but NOT Russia, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland; type-economic and political, Association of Southeast Asian Nations; regional network of smaller Asian countries; includes 10 SE Asian countries, but not Papau New Guinea or East Timor; type-economic and political, North American Free Trade Agreement; largest free trade agreement made to compete with European Union; includes USA, Canada, Mexico; type-economic. nation that transcends the borders of two or more states. Learn. a territorial subdivision for electing members to a legislative body, redrawing of subnational political units that usually leads to disagreements, redrawing political boundaries to benefit a party (the one in power), place most power in the hands of central government, power and authority are concentrated in one political body (unitary), any way that a state is divided into smaller units, strong power to units of local governments, a subnational political unit made up of a small area such as a city town or village, the belief that sovereign states should join together in associations for economic, militaristic, or scientific cooperation, reason for supranationalism: countries coordinating imports and exports/economies to benefit both parties, reason for supranationalism: encourages more open trading partnerships, states can give each other tax breaks, reason for supranationalism: decrease the chance of being attacked, provide peace of mind as militaries join up, reason for supranationalism: global cooperation needed to solve bigger environmental problems that encompass all states, The United Nations; world's largest supranat. AP Human Geography Chapter 8. CREATE AN ACCOUNT Create Tests & Flashcards. A nationality combines an ethnic group's language, religions, and artistic expressions with a country's particular independence movement, history, and other patriotic events. Has many subsidiaries such as the Security Council, World Health Organization (WHO), ...). Spell. carving up a territory based on existing ethnic groups, drawn after a population has settled in the state, typically disregarding existing patterns of settlement. European Constitution. Fragmented States . Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor. The Anishinaabe speak the Anishinaabe language and have traditionally lived in the Northeast Woodlands and Subarctic. Balkanization, division of a multinational state into smaller ethnically homogeneous entities. formal agreement or pact between two or more countries to achieve a particular aim. A nationality that is not represented by a state. a city or town that has corporate status and local government. Start studying AP Human Geography Chapter 8 Review. AP Human Geography Chapter 1. independence movement. used to sway electoral votes. 00762-133-CED-Human-Geo_FM.indd 3/14/19 9:36 PM AP ® Human Geography. the cost advantages that enterprises obtain due to size, output, or scale of operation, with cost per unit of output generally decreasing with increasing scale as fixed costs are spread out over more units of output. One of the two major divisions of geography; the spatial analysis of human population, its cultures, actvities, and landscapes ... human-environment, region, place, and movement: Term. ... independence movement. A Meaning of Secession. question. AP COURSE AND EXAM DESCRIPTIONS ARE UPDATED PERIODICALLY Please visit AP Central (apcentral.collegeboard.org) to determine whether a more recent course and exam description is available. Anishinaabe refer to the culturally related indigenous peoples of Canada and the US such as Algonquin, Mississauga, Odawa, Oji-Cree, Ojibwe, and Potawatomi. 1. AP Human Geography : Ethnicity & Nationalism Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography. the delegation of authority (especially from a central to a regional government), based more on cultural and linguistic differences than religious or racial differences. Chapter 1 vocab. an area of a country that has a degree of autonomy, or has freedom from an external authority. 3. Political Geography. Subject. the movement of power downward from a centralized government to more local or regional forces. Fall 2019. Total Cards. One way to reduce these barriers, thereby opening all parties to the benefits of increased trade. De Blij People, Place, and Culture (8th edition) Chapters 4, 5, 6, and 7. a state of political conflict using means short of armed warfare, a group of people who have come together to advocate for freedom. CREATE AN ACCOUNT Create Tests & Flashcards. AP Human Geography: Ethnic Diversity and Separatism ðquestionAcculturation answerthe process of assimilating new ideas into an existing cognitive structure questionAdaptation answerthe process of adapting to ... the movement of genes into or out of a population due to interbreeding. A stunning series of events between 1989 and 1991 that led to the fall of communist regimes in eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. laws establishing states' rights and responsibilities concerning the ownership and use of the Earth's waters and their resources. AP Human Geography: Chapter 5 Vocabulary ðquestionCreolized Language answerDefinition: a language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people 9th Grade. The Geography of Nationalism . Start studying AP Human Geography Unit 4 Vocab. AP Human Geography Unit 4 Vocabulary. The term also is used to refer to ethnic conflict within multiethnic states. AP ® Human Geography. belief that ethnicities should get their own space and autonomy (can occur from devolution failures), the belief that a territory belonging to another country should be annexed for cultural or historical reasons (okay to redraw state boundaries to include another part of a state), process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among ethnicities, transition to a more democratic system with representatives elected by the public, economic centrifugal force that that results when gov. This college-level course introduces students to the systematic study of patterns and processes that have shaped human understanding, â¦ Total Cards. politically organized area where nation and state occupy the same space, a state with many nations inside of its boundaries, a nation that stretches across borders and states, region that has complete control of it's own government, a state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly, a state that completely surrounds another one, a state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory, an otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension, loyalty and devotion to a particular nationality, the period of competition between the United States and the USSR, lasted from the end of WWII to 1991, effort by people to create a new sovereign state in a place inside of another state (devolution failed), Halford Mackinder; political power depends of geographic location; 3 rules: heartlandEurope, then Asia and Africa, "world island" will make world domination (pre-WWII 1904), Nicolas spykman; control land that touches water and you will control the world (in WWII 1940), Fredrich Ratzel; cultures need adequate space to grow; organisms take what they need to survive (adopted by Hitler), the connection of people, their culture, and their economy to the land (how people display their ownership of land), mutually accepted border between two places, delimited boundary (boundary delimitation), the process of drawing political boundaries, a border physically marked off with a wall fence or other structure. 2. During the past two centuries, many countries have been created that location: Definition. Define ethnicity (use the glossary). How is ethnicity different from race? Definition Imperialism is control of terrytory already occupied and organized by an indigenous society. map that shows political/defined boundary lines between states and within states, independence of control of its internal affairs by other states, an area organized into a political unit with an established government with control of its affairs, effort by one country to establish territories (sending settlers), create empire by establishing control over foreign areas without resettlement. The Inner Mongolian independence movement, also known as the Southern Mongolian independence movement, is a movement for the independence of Inner Mongolia (also known as Southern Mongolia) and the political separation of Inner Mongolia from the People's Republic of China.It is principally led by the Mongolian diaspora in countries like Japan and the United States, and in some European countries. AP ® Human Geography Sample Student Responses and Scoring Commentary Set 1 ... A2. a. PLAY. rule of the ownership of oceans and coasts. Effective . has a rough, circular or oval shape without major indentations, a state that completely surrounds another, A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory, have a long extension as part of their territory, love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it. established at the end of WWII to foster international security and cooperation (192 member states); precursor was the League of Nations that went defunct at the beginning of WWII. The word âAnishinaabegâ translates to âthe good human,â and means those who are on the right path prescribed by their Creator Gichi-Minidoo. The PRC (the Peopleâs Republic of China) government promulgated an âAnti-secession Lawâ in 2005 to intimidate the Taiwan independence movement. H. J. Many of them opposed colonial rule and supported freedom movements. doesn't spend equal tax funds, so some places have better living conditions than others, centripetal force that binds people based on a shared culture, history, and ethnicity. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Makes communication difficult. a border that is actively managed and protected by a sovereign government. persistent differences in levels and rates of economic development between different sectors of the economy. 62. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. What is the link between ethnicity and geography? Can encourage national integration when Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities, the action of making something democratic, minority-A rule by which the design of new electoral boundaries, must where possible, create electoral districts which have a majority population of some group which is a national minority. In Canada, the Aniâ¦ This distinction remains important to this day, even since independence, because it represents a cultural and linguistic distinction. Contain several discontinuous pieces of territory. Description. the process of drawing United States electoral district boundaries, the drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit a party, group, or incumbent, An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials. In most modern economies the possible coalitions of interested groups are numerous, and the variety of possible unilateral barriers is great. theory Hypothesis proposed by Halford MacKinder that held that any political power based in the heart of Eurasia could gain enough strength to eventually dominate the world. Poverty rates have fallen and real incomes have risen in Mexico, but farmers haven't fared well due to cheaper food from US agribusiness; also US manufacturing workers have lost jobs to maquiladora plants in Mexico (mostly due to cheaper labor costs). a geographical unit for the local administration of schools. A ninteenth-and earth twentieth-century approach to the study of geography that the general laws sought by human geogrpahers could be found in the physical sciencees. Movement definition: A movement is a group of people who share the same beliefs , ideas , or aims . Frank Chiang, in The One-China Policy: State, Sovereignty, and Taiwan's International Legal Status, 2018. 4. Social movement definition, a group of diffusely organized people or organizations striving toward a common goal relating to human society or social change, or the organized activities of such a group: The push for civil rights was a social movement that peaked in the 1950s and 1960s. a trilateral trade bloc in North America created by the governments of the United States, Canada, and Mexico. earned 1 definition point in part A for correctly defining a unitary state as one with a strong central government, with little delegation of power to subnat ional units. a military alliance of western democracies begun in 1949 with 28 member states today; its members agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party. Gandhi was a man that stuck to his ethical beliefs no matter what, even if it meant putting his life Most North and South American colonies had gained their independence by the early 19th century and ended the Age of Discovery. Before World War II, organized protest against colonial rule was centered in organizations such as laborunions, student groups, social clubs, and religious groups. Permanent movement from one country to another on the same continent. ... the movement of power downward from a centralized government to more local or regional forces. An independence movement is a movement that is trying to gain political independence for some area that it thinks should be its own country. Where strong and capable leaders emerged, the early political parties broadened their basâ¦ This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Europe.Separatism often refers to full political secession, though separatist movements may seek nothing more than greater autonomy or to be recognised as a national minority.. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. A group that works to develop an entire region to attract industries to a specific area, a type of multi-national confederation, where negotiated power is delegated to an authority by governments of member states. Unfortunately, once in control, many of these independence movements imposed their own form of domination. answer. Effective . b. Chapter 7, Ethnicity. an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members. In the recent independence movement, many Scottish people were campaigning for an independent Scottish national state, completely separate from England and the rest of Britain. designed to show governmental boundaries of countries, states and counties. Created by. political and economic organisation of ten Southeast Asian countries. Geography. It was coined at the end of World War I to describe the ethnic and political fragmentation that followed the breakup of the Ottoman Empire, particularly in the Balkans. Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography. See more. Created. Flashcards. a politically organized body of people under a single government. 2 types: those separated by water, and those separated by other countries. A country who's population share a common identity. Match. AP Human Geography. Geography was thereore the study of how the physical enviorment caused human activities. group of people grouped as one based off of shared cultures and histories. ... the tendency for an ethnic group to see itself as a distinct nation with a right to autonomy or independence. a nation or territory considered as an organized political community under one government. Democratization. Level. 4 Diagnostic Tests 225 Practice Tests Question of the Day Flashcards Learn by Concept.